Only a fraction of people who enter the system end up in prison. The criminal justice system is made up of the proceeding, prosecution, court and sentencing stages. People ‘flow’ through the criminal justice system, taking different paths at each stage. Overall, only a small number of people who enter the criminal justice system end up with a prison sentence. Māori are disproportionately represented at all stages, and this rate of disproportion increases the further through the criminal justice system they go. This factsheet is supported by a visual representation of the system.